Research, Technology, and Education for the Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Industrial processes such as the production of cement, iron and steel, and petrochemicals, as well as burning fossil fuels (e.g., gas, oil, and coal) has measurably increased CO2 in Earth’s atmosphere. The long-term consequences of increased concentrations of CO2 gas in Earth’s atmosphere will have negative impacts to oceans and climate.
One possible response is to capture CO2 in industrial settings and reinject it into deep geological reservoirs where it will be retained for long periods of time. This process is called geological sequestration, or carbon capture and storage (CCS).
The Gulf Coast Carbon Center (GCCC) seeks to impact global levels of atmospheric CO2 by
- conducting studies on geological sequestration of CO2 in the deep subsurface, focusing on the Gulf Coast,
- educating the public about risks that might limit deployment of geological sequestration and measuring the retention of CO2 in the subsurface, and
- enabling the private sector to develop an economically viable industry to sequester CO2 in the Gulf Coast area.
Since 1998, the GCCC has been a global leader in research that facilitates a proactive response by energy-related businesses to reduce atmospheric release of CO2. The GCCC has led or is in the process of conducting several major field research projects onshore and offshore to develop effective technologies to monitor retention of CO2 in the subsurface. In addition, the GCCC has led a number of diverse projects including estimation of storage capacity, enhanced oil recovery (EOR) screening and economic assessments, risk and monitoring of leakage to water and surface resources, assessment of pressure, and whole-system integration.
For a news story describing historical field efforts of the Gulf Coast Carbon Center, please click here.
For a list of GCCC media coverage, click here.
For a historical look at how the GCCC has addressed the carbon question, please click here.
December 6 – 8, 2022: The GCCC’s Senior Research Scientist, Dr. Seyyed A. Hosseini, will attend the Face-to-Face Kickoff Meeting for Science-Informed Machine Learning for Accelerating Real-Time Decisions in Subsurface Applications (SMART) and National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP). The group of leaders attending will meet in Phoenix, Arizona to discuss progress, promote collaboration, establish expectations, and establish early wins. Dr. Hosseini will be on hand to present the SMART Work Package 2A Status Update, which will follow with a question-and-answer session.
November 21, 2022: Dr. Alex Bump’s graduate research assistant, Charlie (Yu-Chen) Zheng, provided representatives from the Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited whose headquarters is located in Hsinchu, Taiwan and National Taiwan University (NTU) located in Taipei, Taiwan with introductory information about the GCCC. Hook’em, Charlie!
November 15, 2022: At the GCCC, we strive to work with developing country partners to implement CCS in their countries. Experts from Trinidad and Tobago, and Guyana share their progress on developing carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology in their countries, and what can be learned from their experiences at COP27. Dr. Katherine Romanak and Tim Dixon (IEAGHG), joined here with other experts in the CCS industry, work diligently to provide scientific information to the United Nation’s global climate forum based on decades of research in carbon dioxide storage while at COP27.
Special thanks to Mrs. Sandra Fraser, the Acting Permanent Secretary from the Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago for welcoming remarks for the COP 27 Side Event held on this day titled, “Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in the Caribbean Region.”
- Thanks to Professor Andrew Jupiter (UWI), Dr Donnie Boodlal (UTT) and Dr David Alexander (UTT) for their presentation about the “Development of a National Carbon Storage Atlas for Trinidad and Tobago.”
- Thank you to Ms. Denise Simmons, from The University of Guyana, for the pre-recorded discussion of CCS in Guyana.
- We appreciate Mr. Donneil Cain from the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) for discussing “The CCS initiative in the Caribbean and possible funding opportunities”
- And thank you to Dr. Katherine Romanak for her closing remarks at this incredibly informative session.
- Both Mr. Tim Dixon from IEAGHG and Mr. Eadbhard Pernot from the Clean Air Task Force worked as moderators.
Photo credit: Ruth Gebremedhin from the Global CCS Institute.
November 10, 2022: Dr. Romanak and Tim Dixon from IEAGHG organized an Official UNFCCC COP 27 Side Event entitled, “Carbon Capture and Storage – Where is it in Africa and what can be learned for other emerging economies?” This event was archived and can be watched here. To take a look at topics that the panelists covered, please see agenda: UNFCCC Africa Side-event on CCS at COP27.
November 10, 2022: The GCCC’s Dr. Tip Meckel, Ramon Gil-Egui, and graduate student Yushan Li attended the Department of Energy’s Carbon Interactive Workshop held in Corpus Christi from 12:30 to 5:30 pm. GCCC representatives had meaningful discussions about carbon projects with a cross-section of community members including those from "labor, environmental, Tribal and Indigenous, land use development and local government stakeholders" who were invited to the event. The DOE's goal was to understand how members of the community would like to be engaged with carbon projects moving forward.