Carbon capture and storage
Red lines show the flow of carbon dioxide captured from an industrial facility and injected into deep geological reservoirs where it can no longer impact oceans or climate. The purple arrows show that in some geological settings, carbon dioxide injection results in production of oil, a process called carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS), which offset costs of sequestration. Brine can also be produced, as shown in blue.

Burning fossil fuels (gas, oil, and coal) has measurably increased the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Although the long-term consequences of this accumulation are hotly debated, it is likely that it will have negative impacts on both the ocean and climate.One possible response is to capture carbon dioxide after combustion in industrial settings and reinject it into deep geological reservoirs where it will be retained for long periods of time. This process is called geological sequestration, or carbon capture and storage (CCS).

The Gulf Coast Carbon Center (GCCC) seeks to impact global levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide by

• Conducting studies on geological sequestration of CO2 in the deep subsurface, focusing on the Gulf Coast,

• Educating the public about risks that might limit deployment of geological sequestration and measuring the retention of CO2 in the subsurface, and

• Enabling the private sector to develop an economically viable industry to sequester CO2 in the Gulf Coast area.

Since 1998, GCCC has been a leader in research that facilitates a proactive response by energy-related businesses to reduce atmospheric release of CO2. GCCC has led or is in the process of conducting seven major field research projects to develop effective technologies to monitor retention of CO2 in the subsurface. In addition, GCCC has led a number of diverse projects including estimation of storage capacity, EOR screening and economic assessments, risk of leakage to water resources, assessment of pressure, and whole system integration. GCCC hosts STORE, a new training and education effort.

To view or download a brochure on the GCCC, please click here.

For a news story describing recent field efforts of the Gulf Coast Carbon Center, please click here.

For a historical look at how the GCCC has addressed the carbon question, please click here.