The Devine Test Site is located in Medina County, approximately 2 miles southwest of Yancey, Texas (Figure 1). The site is located on the northern margin of the Luling Fault Zone (Figures 2 and 3), which is the southern segment of the Luling-Mexia-Talco Fault Zone (LMT) that strikes approximately northeast from the test site area and extends into the northeastern corner of Texas.
The LMT is east and south of, and parallel to, the Balcones Fault Zone. Both fault zones are characterized by large Cretaceous to Tertiary normal faults, commonly with throws of over 100 ft, and associated smaller faults that mark extension along the margin of the Gulf Coastal Basin (Collins and others, 1992).
At the Devine Test Site, the top of Austin Chalk is 2,250 ft deep, with a thickness of 320 ft (Figure 4). The Austin Chalk is overlain by younger Upper Cretaceous and Eocene rocks, with rocks of the Wilcox Group exposed at the surface. Austin Chalk is a deep-water deposit (Scholle, 1977; Hovorka and Nance, 1994) and has a very fine texture composition throughout its range in Texas, except on the San Marcos Arch (northeast of the test site) where shallow-water, generally coarser grained facies are common (Young and Woodruff, 1985).
Exposures of chalk mapped inside the large tunnels (incrop exposures rather than outcrop exposures??) at the abandoned Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) site, located in the northern extension of the Balcones Fault Zone (Figure 2, above) in north Texas, are useful for describing the chalk at the Test Site because both sites reside in relatively shallow subsurface settings (SSC at a depth of 200 to 400 ft; Devine Test Site at depths of 2250 to 2580 ft) and in extensional fault zones. The Austin Chalk has a similar deep-water depositional origin and composition at both sites (Collins and others, 1992; Nance and others, 1994).