Program Overview
The Texas Offshore Miocene Project is a substantial 5-year effort undertaken by the Gulf Coast Carbon Center at the Bureau of Economic Geology to investigate the regional geologic potential of Miocene-age rocks of Texas State Submerged Lands to store CO2 for geologically significant periods of time. Such geologic storage provides current and future emitting industries with a viable environmental alternative to the current practice of atmospheric release. The results of this study should provide the next step in making permanent geologic storage of CO2 a commercial reality.   Miocene Project

The Texas Offshore Miocene Project has three major objectives:

  1. To evaluate the storage resource of offshore State lands by refining capacity estimates.
  2. To verify the ability of the Miocene-age rocks of the region to safely and permanently store significant amounts of anthropogenic CO2.
  3. To identify at least one specific site that can accept at least 30 million tons of CO2 from future commercial CCS operations.
Texas offshore state-owned lands extend 10.3 miles offshore. The total area is about 6,400 square miles. Fourty percent of the area is bays, estuaries, and passes, while sixty percent is seaward of the barrier islands. Less than twenty percent of the state-owned land is currently leased.

Initially, the project will focus on identification of specific Miocene–age reservoirs and sealing intervals on the middle and upper Texas coast, where capture and transportation are most likely to develop in the near-term. Specific geologic storage sites identified will have potential to store at least 30 million tons of CO2 and will be tailored to meet the full life-cycle emissions of associated CO2 sources. 

Advantages of geologic sequestration in offshore environments are:

  1. Minimized risks to Underground Sources of Drinking Water (USDW);
  2. Minimized risks to human health and safety;
  3. Monitoring options are readily available;
  4. The surface and subsurface rights are owned by a single entity (i.e., State of Texas GLO) that is prepared to lease them for offshore storage.
This investigation is co-directed by Dr. Tip Meckel and Mr. Ramon Trevino and is funded by the Department of Energy and the Texas General Land Office., which oversees leases and manages Texas' extensive offshore Submerged Lands. The study has received commitments of in-kind (data) support from ION Geophysical Corporation, Formosa Plastics Corporation and Formosa's subsidiary Neumin Production Company. Organizations collaborating on the proposed study include the University of Texas Institute for Geophysics, the University of Texas at Austin Department of Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering, Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia Technologies, Inc.  
Deep Saline Characteristics
The yellow region shows the location of deep saline formations with the characteristics for storing carbon dioxide in the Texas Gulf Coast, which is potentially extremely large. From: DOE/NETL Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the United States and Canada

The project is structured as outlined below. As we proceed, we will link pertinent results to these listed tasks:

   Phase 1

Task 1.0: Project Management, Planning, and Reporting

Task 2.0: Regional Significance

Task 3.0: Capacity Estimates

Task 4.0: Injectivity

Task 5.0: Stratigraphic Containment

Task 5.1: Modeling

Task 5.2: Caprock Seal Capacity

Task 6.0: Brine Containment

Task 7.0: Mineralization Containment

Task 8.0: Leakage Pathways

   Phase 2

Task 9.0: Site Selection

Task 10.0: Risk Assessment

Task 11.0: Well Bore Management



ION Geophysical
ION Geophysical
ION Geophysical
Formosa Plastics
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Sandia Technologies

Environmental Defense Fund