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Title Potential impacts of CO2 leakage on groundwater chemistry from laboratory batch experiments and field push-pull tests
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Short Title
Contributors
Mickler, P.J.
Yang, C.
Scanlon, B.R.
Reedy, R.C.
Lu, J.
Abstract

Storage of CO2 in deep saline reservoirs has been proposed to mitigate anthropogenically forced climate change. If injected CO2 unexpectedly migrates upward in shallow groundwater resources, potable groundwater may be negatively affected. This study examines the effects of an increase in pCO2 (partial pressure of CO2) on groundwater chemistry in a siliclastic-dominated aquifer by comparing a laboratory batch experiment and a field single-well push−pull test on the same aquifer sediment and groundwater. Although the aquifer mineralogy is predominately siliclastic, carbonate dissolution is the primary geochemical reaction. In the batch experiment, Ca concentrations increase until calcite saturation is reached at ∼500 h. The concentrations of the elements Ca, Mg, Sr, Ba, Mn, and U are controlled by carbonate dissolution. Silicate dissolution controls Si and K concentrations and is ∼2 orders of magnitude slower than carbonate dissolution. Changing pH conditions through the experiment initially mobilize Mo, V, Zn, Se, and Cd; sorption reactions later remove these elements from solution and concentrations drop to pre-experiment levels. The EPA’s primary and secondary MCL’s are not exceeded except for Mn, which exceeded the EPA’s secondary standard of 0.05 mg/L. Push−pull results also identify carbonate and silicate dissolution reactions ∼2 orders o fmagnitude slower than batch experiments.

Collection GCCC Bookshelf
Pages 8
Volume
Issue Number
Keywords Field study Modeling-Geochemical Risk-Environmental Rock-CO2-water interaction Rock-water-CO2 reaction
Year 2013
Date Published 0000-00-00 00:00:00
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